The most common symptoms of lung cancer are:
- A cough that does not go away or gets worse.
- Coughing up blood or rust-colored sputum (spit or phlegm)
- Chest pain that is often worse with deep breathing, coughing, or laughing.
- Weight loss and loss of appetite.
- Shortness of breath.
- Feeling tired or weak.
What is cancer of the chest wall?
Sometimes tumors arise on the chest wall, which covers the chest cavity. The chest cavity is a cage of bone and muscle that holds the lungs, heart, and other vital organs. Like all tumors, chest wall tumors may be malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous), and may originate there or have spread from elsewhere.
People with chest wall tumors may have a mass, lump or swelling in the chest with or without pain or discomfort. This disease can be symptom-free. Or you can suffer from a cough that doesn't go away, chest pain and/or trouble breathing. People with malignant pleural effusion experience shortness of breath.
More Cancer Signs and Symptoms
- Blood in the urine.
- Persistent lumps or swollen glands.
- Obvious change in a wart or a mole.
- Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.
- Unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge.
- Unexpected weight loss, night sweats, or fever.
- Continued itching in the anal or genital area.
That is the smallest size likely to be seen on an X-ray. It takes about three to six months for most lung cancers to double their size. Therefore, it could take several years for a typical lung cancer to reach a size at which it could be diagnosed on a chest X-ray.
Malignant (cancerous) chest wall tumors on the other hand, are more rare, and do require treatment. These tumors are almost always sarcomas, which means that they are formed from bone, cartilage, and/or soft tissue of the chest wall.
An X-ray image of your lungs may reveal an abnormal mass or nodule. A CT scan can reveal small lesions in your lungs that might not be detected on an X-ray. Sputum cytology. If you have a cough and are producing sputum, looking at the sputum under the microscope can sometimes reveal the presence of lung cancer cells.
Like any other part of the body, the walls of the chest cavity are susceptible to tumors. A tumor is any type of abnormal growth of cells, whether malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous). Benign tumors of the chest wall are not uncommon.
Symptoms of a primary heart tumor most often occur with a change of body position and may include:
- Difficulty breathing when lying flat or when asleep.
- Fainting, lightheadedness or dizziness.
- Palpitations or rapid heart rate.
- Chest pain or tightness in the chest.
Lung cancer can spread to nearly any region of the body, but the most common areas are the lymph nodes, liver, bones, brain, and adrenal glands. Let's take a look at each of these areas separately. Most lung cancers first spread to lymph nodes in the chest near the tumor.
They may also feel firm or solid, and might be fixed to the tissue in the breast. They are also often painless. However, in a small percentage of women, a painful breast lump turns out to be cancer. Cysts, which are fluid-filled lumps, are common in the breast and are benign.
When Breast Cancer Spreads. If your cancer spreads beyond your breast and the nearby lymph nodes, it's considered advanced, or metastatic. The most common places it spreads to are the lymph nodes, liver, lungs, bones, and brain.
A strain is when a muscle stretches, pulls, or is partially torn. Muscle strains are a common cause of chest pain. From 21 to 49 percent of all musculoskeletal chest pain comes from the intercostal muscles. You can strain or pull your intercostal muscles in many different ways.
Costochondritis causes localized chest wall pain and tenderness that can be reproduced by pushing on the involved cartilage in the front of the rib cage. Costochondritis is a relatively harmless musculoskeletal chest pain and usually resolves without treatment. The cause is usually unknown.
Overall, the chance that a lung nodule is benign is greater than the chance that it is malignant (cancerous), Unfortunately, the most common cause of a mass in the lungs is one of the types of lung cancer. Before you get too upset in reading this, however, there are benign causes of a lung mass.
When NSCLC has spread outside of the lungs, it can be difficult to treat successfully. The 5-year survival rate for stage IV NSCLC is around 1%. Each year, tens of thousands of people are cured of NSCLC in the United States. And, some patients with advanced lung cancer can live many years after diagnosis.
People with non-small cell lung cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these treatments. People with small cell lung cancer are usually treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Surgery.
Breast is one of the two soft, protruding organs on the upper front of a woman's body that secrete milk after pregnancy. Chest is the whole portion of the body between neck and stomach. Breast is the part of the chest surrounding the nipples which grows prominent in females.
Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lung. They can invade nearby tissues and form tumours. Lung cancer can start anywhere in the lungs and affect any part of the respiratory system. The cancer cells can spread, or metastasize, to the lymph nodes and other parts of the body.
These cancers can't be removed completely by surgery. As with other stages of lung cancer, treatment depends on the patient's overall health. If you are in fairly good health you may be helped by chemotherapy (chemo) combined with radiation therapy. Some people can even be cured with this treatment.
Signs and symptoms of throat cancer may include:
- A cough.
- Changes in your voice, such as hoarseness or not speaking clearly.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Ear pain.
- A lump or sore that doesn't heal.
- A sore throat.
- Weight loss.
Smoking. Tobacco smoking is by far the leading cause of lung cancer. About 80% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking, and many others are caused by exposure to secondhand smoke. Smokers exposed to other known risk factors such as radon and asbestos are at even higher risk.