An Article 15 is considered non-judicial punishment, meaning that it is not considered a judicial proceeding. Non-judicial punishment is a military justice option available to commanders.
Also asked, why is it called a court martial?
a court consisting of military or naval personnel appointed by a commander to try charges of offenses by soldiers, sailors, etc., against military or naval law. a conviction by such a court: He lost his privileges because of his court-martial.
What is a court martial offense?
A special court-martial is the intermediate court level. It consists of a military judge, trial counsel (prosecutor), defense counsel, and a minimum of three officers sitting as a panel of court members or jury. An enlisted accused may request a court composed of at least one-third enlisted personnel.
How long does it take for a court martial?
Generally, a special court-martial will conclude within three to six months. However, it may take more time if your attorney recommends using a military panel instead of the judge alone. General Courts-Martial are used only for the most egregious offenses, so the process takes more time.